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Ingredient Knowledge · AMBERGRIS

Ambergris is a rare perfume ingredient. It is already 6 years ago that a huge piece washed up on Texel (83 kg of a dead sperm whale.) The animal undoubtedly suffered from a blockage. Many people think that ambergris bile is what spits out the sperm whale. However, this does not appear to be true. Amber originates in the intestines of the sperm whale, around undigested bits of cuttlefish that he eats. This does not happen with all sperm whales. Most sperm whales regularly spit out the indigestible pieces of deep sea squid. It is estimated that there are between 500,000 and 2 million sperm whales worldwide, with only 1 […]

Education_Cinnamon parfum ingredients

Ingredient Knowledge · CINNAMON

The name cinnamon comes from Latin, “canella”, “stick”. (Ceylon) Cinnamon (or Cinnamomum verum) is one of the best-known spices that comes from the inner bark of the shoots of the cinnamon tree. There are several species, an important species is Cassia (or Cinnamomum aromaticum). Cassia is somewhat stronger and sweeter than Ceylon cinnamon. Cinnamon is one of the spices that can be used for both sweet and savory dishes. In addition to that cinnamon one of the best-known spices, it is also one of the oldest. Around 2800 BC cinnamon is mentioned in the herbal book of the Chinese Emperor Shennung. In Chinese medicine, cinnamon is used for its antibacterial […]

Ginger parfum ingredient

Ingredient Knowledge · GINGER

Used in tea, for cooking, as medicine and in perfumes … What many people don’t know is that ginger is more than a root, ginger is a rhizome. I hear you think what is the difference? The rhizome is considered an underground stem, which means that there are leaves and buds on it. The rhizome is usually also a storage place, while the roots are only an anchor for the plant in the soil. Originally ginger, or Zingiberene Officinalis, grew in Asia and was one of the first spices to arrive in Europe. Ginger belongs to the same plant family as turmeric and cardamom. In folk medicine ginger was used because […]



What’s going on in the Beauty world? One of the largest clothing webshops will focus on niche cosmetic brands. In doing so, they take serious steps to deal with this equally. At the beginning of this year, Zalando already included cosmetics in the range, but this has now been extended with a physical store. The building has a retail area of 160 square meters and is located in the popular Berlin district of Mitte. Not enough room for the 5,000 products (of 150 cosmetics brands) that they offer online. That is why the physical store is a collaboration with Estee Lauder as a launch partner. In this ‘lab environment’ Zalando […]

Blog_Vetiver Ingredient Knowledge Parfum

Ingredient Knowledge · VETIVER

The name vetiver probably rings a bell. This raw material, was broadly used in some very famous perfumes of the last decades : Vetiver – Guerlain (1959), Vetiver 46 – Le Labo (2006), Terre – Hermes (2007), Sycomore – Chanel (2008). Time to give some more explanation on this beautiful scented plant. The vetiver, ( or Vetiveria Zizanoide for the botanist/ latin speakers) is a herb which grows up to 1,50 meter high, with a very interesting root-system.  Especially for perfumes.  By doing a steam distillation of the dried roots, you will obtain a deep, lightly smoky, heavy, nutty, a little bit sweet, earthy, woody… base note. You probably understood how rich […]


Famous Noses

One perfume is better known than the other, but what they all have in common is that there is a nose behind every creation. Unfortunately, many noses remain unknown. Here under 5 noses, each with its own story of how they have become nose. A passion for smells is a motive for everyone.   Le Male Perfume by Jean Paul Gaultier, a scent created by Francis Kurkdjian. Francis Kurkdjian (born in Paris on May 14, 1969) is an Armenian contemporary perfumer and businessman and winner of the Prix François Coty in 2001 for his lifetime achievement. He became famous at the age of 26 for designing the scent of Le […]

horse shaving brush brume

A horse shaving brush

We often hear shaving brushes are made from badger, either silver tip or just badger, but nowadays we also hear more and more about brushes from horse. Just all you need to know and what about the advantages. To collect the air of a horse we don’t need to kill or damage the animal for it. It is even better as this cutting of the hair is part of taking care of the horse. This is the reason why the interest in horse brushes is growing the last decade. There are 3 kinds of hair, white, brown and black, they are all the same quality. However there is a difference […]

Santi Burgas - Geur als Communicatie Mieren

Smell as communication

They are small, have six legs and communicate through smell … we are talking about ants here. Scientists have discovered that ants have four to five times more odor receptors than other insects. For example, a silkworm can distinguish 52 different scents, a fruit fly 61, one at 174. However, the ant still spans the crown with 400 receptors. These receptors can be divided into the 3 groups: · ORs: receptors that can detect different scented substances and pheromones (natural signaling molecules). · GRs: receptors that are able to distinguish between different odors. · IR ‘: Receptors that react to different poisons. It turned out that ants mainly have more […]


Ingredient Knowledge · MUSK

Probably one of the best-known ingredients in the perfume world; Musk. An ingredient that is often used as a base note in a perfume. But where does Musk actually come from? Origin Musk is a strong smelling secretion that comes from the scent glands of male musk deer. As the stag grows older he develops a gland that is like a kind of pouch between the sexual organs and the navel. The strong-smelling secretion is used to attract partners. In addition to the musk deer, there are other animals that produce this strongly smelling secretion, namely the musk ox, musk beetle and probably the best known musk rat. Until the […]

Ingredient Knowledge Neroli parfum

Ingredient Knowledge · NEROLI

Neroli is also called orange or orange blossom and has an exotic floral fragrance that activates the mind and body. The Neroli oil is extracted by steam distillation of the bitter orange tree blossom (Citrus aurantium amara), which belongs to the winery family. To obtain 1 kilo of oil, about 1000 kilos of blossom is needed. From the residual distillation water in which residual essential oil is still present, the orange blossom is hydrolated, this hydrolate can be used to make cosmetic products. The Citrus aurantium amara is a strong citrus tree. They are green and can reach a height of 6 meters in the wild. Cultivated, they are only […]

Ingredient Knowledge · ROSEWOOD

Rose is one of the best-known ingredients in the perfumery. In addition, it is an ingredient with a rich history. But when we think of rose, we soon think of rose petals. However, more and more rosewood is also used. Rosewood is the collective name for several species of wood smelling roses, originating from trees from different genera. Known as Brazilian rosewood, Aniba duckei, Aniba parviflora and Aniba rosaeodora var. Amazonica, the latter mainly in Brazil (Amazon) and Peru. The Aniba rosaeodora is a tropical tree with a reddish bark and yellow or pink flowers, belonging to the Laurelids, which occurs in Mexico and Guyana and is the supplier of […]

Ingredient Knowledge Oudh

Ingredient Knowledge · OUD(H)

Oud (in Arabic Oudh) is one of the most expensive perfume ingredients in the world. But what makes it so expensive? And why is it so popular at this moment? Oud is an exotic resin that comes from the wood of the Agar (Aquilaria) tree. These trees are mainly found in Southeast Asia, presumably from the Assam region in India. The resin is the result when the tree is infected by a certain fungus (Phialophora parasitica). The wood turns dark and has a typical smell. Despite the fact that Oud has been acceding to the Western countries in recent years, Oud has had rich history. The Egyptians used Oud to […]

Reukvermogen mens

HUMAN sense of smell better than we thought

Human sense of smell is not as bad as we think. Even American neuroscientist John McGann of Rutgers University, New Jersey, argues that the myth of the nonessential nose is a huge mistake. The human sense of smell does not subside that of mice, rats or dogs. In relation to a dog or a mouse, the human olfactory system (olfactory bulb) does not take up so much space. The difference in the sense of smell is not so much quantitative but especially qualitative, according to Mc.Gan This myth about human sense of smell started in the nineteenth century. The famous French anthropologist and neuro-atomist Paul Broca published about the olfactory […]